On 4th October 2018, UPM announced that it has completed an environmental impact assessment (EIA) for a possible biorefinery to be built at Mussalo, Kotka, and given it to the authorities for their final conclusions. UPM announced the start of the EIA in February.
The proposed Kotka biorefinery would produce approximately 500,000 tonnes of advanced biofuels made from sustainable raw materials for use in the road transport, marine and aviation sectors. The biorefinery's products could also be used for replacing fossil raw materials in the chemical industry. This represents a different raw material base and technology to its existing UPM Lappeenranta Biorefinery (see Project 564).
The EIA is part of the approximately year-long pre-study phase for the Kotka Biorefinery, looking at the feasibility of the project. EU and national policies on biofuels will also play an important role in the final assessment of this possible investment. The final conclusions of the authorities for the EIA are expected in early 2019.
"We are looking into the use of several new feedstocks that fulfil sustainability criteria, such as wood residues and other sustainable wastes and residues. In addition to this, in Uruguay we are testing a winter cropping concept with Brassica carinata for biofuels' raw material. Oil from turnip rape-related carinata would be one of the possible raw materials for the Kotka Biorefinery," said Petri Kukkonen, Vice President of UPM Biofuels Development.